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Within each book, the hymns are arranged in collections each dealing with a particular deity: Agni comes first, Indra comes second, and so on.'Y2RWCKu S',in Autoplay Countries=!
The Rigveda was probably not written down until the Gupta period (4th to 6th centuries AD), by which time the Brahmi script had become widespread (the oldest surviving manuscripts are from ~1040 AD, discovered in Nepal). recensions) of Rig Veda are known to have existed in the past.
The oral tradition still continued into recent times. Of these, Śākalya is the only one to have survived in its entirety.
After a scribal benediction ("śrīgaṇéśāyanamaḥ ;; Aum(3) ;;"), the first line has the opening words of RV.1.1.1 (agniṃ ; iḷe ; puraḥ-hitaṃ ; yajñasya ; devaṃ ; ṛtvijaṃ).
The Vedic accent is marked by underscores and vertical overscores in red.
Within each collection, the hymns are arranged in descending order of the number of stanzas per hymn.
If two hymns in the same collection have equal numbers of stanzas then they are arranged so that the number of syllables in the metre are in descending order.The original text (as authored by the Rishis) is close to but not identical to the extant Samhitapatha, but metrical and other observations allow reconstruction (in part at least) of the original text from the extant one, as printed in the Harvard Oriental Series, vol.50 (1994).) and a later redaction, co-eval with the redaction of the other Vedas, dating several centuries after the hymns were composed.The sūktas in turn consist of individual stanzas called ṛc ("praise", pl.ṛcas), which are further analysed into units of verse called pada ("foot" or step).This redaction also included some additions (contradicting the strict ordering scheme) and orthoepic changes to the Vedic Sanskrit such as the regularization of sandhi (termed orthoepische Diaskeuase by Oldenberg, 1888).